Updated: Jul 31, 2019
How do our parents, other authority figures and institutions—such as education, organized religion, politics, the media, and even the helping professions—accept or deny our Inner Child? How can we identify whether we were affected?
What factors or conditions made our parents and others stifle our Real Self?
To help answer those question Charles Whitfield in his famous book "Healing the Child Within: Discovery and Recovery for Adult Children of Dysfunctional Families" put together a following list of human needs. Fulfilling those needs during the stage of childhood help in forming a healthy psyche of emotionally stabile individual. Neglecting the needs lead to confusion, formation of False Self and defensive coping mechanisms in children that are later taken into adulthood.
Touching, skin contact
Mirroring and echoing
Acceptance Others are aware of, take seriously and admire the Real You Freedom to be the Real You Tolerance of your feelings Validation Respect Belonging and love
Opportunity to grieve losses and to grow
Loyalty and trust
Accomplishment Mastery, “Power,” “Control” Creativity Having a sense of completion Making a contribution
Altering one’s state of consciousness, transcending the ordinary
Enjoyment or fun
Unconditional love (including connection with a Higher Power)*
*Whitfield, Charles. Healing the Child Within: Discovery and Recovery for Adult Children of Dysfunctional Families (Recovery Classics Edition) (p. 17).
Compiled in part from Maslow, 1962; Miller, 1981; Weil, 1973; Glasser, 1985.